Make your English sound more natural and fluent with useful English word pairs. These binomial expressions will make your English sound more colloquial and conversational.
We start off with some easy ones like salt and pepper and knife and fork and then move on to some you might not know like: – an arm and a leg – touch and go – high and dry – to and fro – thick and thin – flesh and blood – kith and kin – kiss and make up – meat and potatoes and lots, lot more.
We’ll show you what the word pairs mean and how we use them in action so they’re easy to remember and you know how to use them yourself.
Do you want your English to sound more natural? And more fluent too? We’ve got some great expressions to help you. They’re very idiomatic and conversational And they’re fun too. So I’m going to say a word and you’re going to say the word that goes with it. OK, I’ll try that. So if I say salt? Salt and pepper. OK, salt and pepper. Knife..? Knife and fork. Uh huh. Notice you said ‘n. Knife ‘n fork. Knife ‘n fork. Right. So the ‘and’ gets reduced to ‘n. in a lot of these. Husband and … Wife. Me and … You. Yes. Ladies and … Gentlemen. You knew them all. They were very predictable. They’re a kind of collocation – a fixed expression. Yes, they’re pairs of words that go together and English is full of them. I bet you know lots already. Give it a try!
Common word pairs
Cup and … Saucer. Yes. Boys and … Boys and girls. Bride and … Groom. Bride and groom. Milk and … Cookies. Milk and cookies. Bow and … Arrow. Bow and arrow. Needle and … Thread. Yes. Peanut butter and … Jelly. Peanut butter and jelly. Rock and … Rock and … Rock and, what? Your clue is Elvis Presley. Oh, rock and roll. Yes. So you’ve got the idea. You have two words, joined by ‘and’. And the order of the words is generally fixed, so we say ladies and gentlemen, but not gentlemen and ladies. It’s rock and roll, not roll and rock. Now those were easy ones, but there are lots of others that you might not know. So let’s look at some more.
An arm and a leg
OK, an arm and … And a leg. Yes, so what does it mean? An arm and a leg is when you have paid so much that it feels like it cost you an arm and a leg. Yes. Jay’s bought a new food processor. A very expensive food processor. It’s awesome! We paid an arm and a leg for it.
Peace and quiet
Peace and … Peace and quiet. Yes. Peace, of course, means no war and quiet means not noisy. It’s exactly what I need to do my work. Peace and quiet. Then why do you have the music up loud? Argh. Here’s another example. Do you like it when the grandkids come round? Oh yes, I love it. And what about when they leave? Well I feel sad. Really? OK, I like it when the grandkids leave as well. She likes the peace and quiet.
Tooth and nail
Tooth and … Oh tooth and nail. Yes, tooth and nail. People sometimes fight tooth and nail. It means fighting in a very determined way because you must win that fight. Yes, very aggressive. Now so far we’ve just been looking at nouns. But lots of other kinds of words can pair up like this. They could be verbs, adjectives , adverbs, prepositions … They just have to be the same kinds of words Let’s see some examples.
Touch and go
Touch and … Oh, touch and go. Yes. So touch and go is when you’re not sure if something will be successful. The brain surgery was touch and go. Will I be OK doctor? Oh, it’s going to be touch and go. So if something is touch and go it might work or it might not. And there’s a possibility that something bad might happen.
Short and sweet
Short and … Sweet. Short and sweet. So if you’re telling a story and you make it concise and include just the facts, you’re telling it short and sweet. It would be brief but satisfying. And with presentations, you probably want to keep them short and sweet. People like that. Hello. You’re late. How long is this meeting going to take? About twenty minutes. I’ll give you five. Then I’ll keep it short and sweet. You’re fired.
Toss and turn
OK. Tossed and … Turned. Tossed and turned. Yes. Last night in bed, I tossed and turned. I couldn’t sleep. I kicked the covers. I rolled around. So it’s when you keep changing your position in bed because you can’t sleep.
By and large
By and … Large. By and large. OK, this is an expression we use when we’re talking generally. It indicates a general statement is coming. With the corona virus it’s very hard for us to go out and go shopping, but by and large we’re OK. Because we can buy food on line. Exactly. I’ve got another one for you. I don’t always agree with you, but by and large I do. Well I’m glad to hear that.
Give and take
OK. This is something that a good relationship needs. Give and … Take, give and take. Yes, what does that mean? Well, give and take is sort of the process of compromise on two sides. So what are you doing today? Oh I’ve got no socks so I have to do the laundry. I could do it for you, if you like. Really? Oh thank you. Perhaps you could do some things for me. Sure. Anything. Here are a few things. Oh, no problem. That was an example of a little give and a lot of take. Yes, give and take means something more equal, so everyone gets what they want… sometimes. Business negotiations are often about give and take.
High and dry, high and low
OK, high and… Dry. High and dry. If you’re left without help and without the things you need, you’re left high and dry. So it’s when you’re in a difficult situation. Perhaps Jay walked off and he left me with no money, and no phone, and no car keys. And you’ve left me high and dry. So sorry. Why would I do that to you? Here’s another one with High. High and … Low. High and low. Yes. It means everywhere. I’ve searched high and low for my car keys and I can’t find them. Have you seen my glasses? I’ve been searching high and low for them.
To and fro, back and forth
To and … Fro. To and fro. Yes, so it’s when things move from one place to another. Exactly. Yes. Think of some things that go to and fro. A pendulum. To and fro, to and fro. What’s that for? I’m going to hypnotize you. Just let your body relax. You’re not going to make me do something stupid are you? Oh no! Here’s a similar one. Back and … Forth. Yes. And what does that mean? Well, back and forth is a movement. Back and forth is the physical movement, but you can also go back and forth more metaphorically. Well you can go back and forth in a discussion. One person makes a point. The other person makes a different point and you go back and forth, trying to listen to each other. Yeah, negotiations could go back and forth. So some of these word pairs have figurative meanings as well. Here’s another one like that:
Thick and thin
So thick and… Thin. Thick and thin. OK. So thick or thin. But also it has another meaning too. Right. I’ll stick with you through thick and thin. Yes, whatever happens. Through good times, through bad times. So it means in spite of any difficulties or problems. The words thick and thin can describe size. Is it a thick book or a thin book? But we also say through thick and thin and it means in spite of any difficulties or problems.
Flesh and blood, Kith and kin
Flesh and … Blood. Flesh and blood. Management wants us to process all these reports by Friday. It’s impossible We’re not machines. We’re only flesh and blood. Flesh and blood refers to a human being. Yes, it means when you’re thinking of someone in terms of them being very human. Or very close to you. Someone that’s related to you is your own flesh and blood. So flesh and blood has two meanings. One is human. Not like a machine. And the other meaning is your family. They’re your flesh and blood. There’s another one like that. Kith and… Tell. Kith th th. Oh, kith and kin. Kith and kin means your family but kiss and tell means something else but it’s another word pair. What does kiss and tell mean? Kiss and tell is what you don’t do after you’ve had a relationship with someone else. Yes. It’s when you’ve had a relationship and the relationship has finished. You don’t tell other people about what happened. Kith and kin, however, is about family. So kith and kin means relatives. Blood relatives.
Kiss and make up
So we’ve done kiss and tell, but there’s another one with kiss. Kiss and… After an argument. Oh, kiss and make up! Yes. The best part of arguments. It’s when you become friendly again after the argument.
Meat and potatoes
Meat and … Potatoes. Yes. We often say the meat and potatoes of that job is…. meaning the standard. Because meat and potatoes is the standard meal. Now that’s new for me because in British English we talk about meat and potatoes when we’re talking about meal, but it has an extra meaning for you? Yeah, in American English it refers to meals too, but it also means the basics – the simple but really important things. Observation is the meat and potatoes of detective work. So for Sherlock Holmes, observation was a fundamental thing. It was essential. Here’s another example. The meat and potatoes of our video lessons is grammar and vocabulary. They’re the simple basic ingredients. Exactly. But we also show you how we use English in action too. And we tell you about differences between American and British English. So make sure you click the subscribe button to see more of our videos! And if you’ve enjoyed this video, please share it with a friend. Bye-bye Bye.
We’ll ask you to identify 6 common English mistakes and choose your answer before the clock stops ticking.
Then we’ll explain what’s wrong and show you examples of the correct English in action. We’ll also direct you to videos if you want more help with grammar and vocabulary.
In this video we look at how we use: – the verb concentrate – the word eventually We compare the meanings of: – in the end and at the end – miss and lose – trustworthy, trustable and trusting – hard working and hardly works
Common English mistakes
This lessons about mistakes English students often make without realizing. We’re going to ask you questions about some tricky words and phrases. And you have to answer before the clock stops ticking. Good luck! Let’s jump straight in with our first question. Ready?
The word concentrate
You’re studying at the library, when some people start having a very loud conversation. So you ask them to speak more quietly. What do you say? Could you speak quietly because… I need to concentrate. I need to concentrate myself. I need to be concentrated. To concentrate means to focus and to give all your attention to something. It isn’t a reflexive verb in English. So we never concentrate ourselves. We just concentrate. Sometimes we say ‘I can’t concentrate’. And we can also say ‘I’m concentrating’. But if you say ‘I’m concentrated’ it sounds funny. Yeah, we use concentrated to describe fruit drinks where water is removed to make them stronger. But you’re a person not a fruit drink so you don’t want to say that! Now I want you to look carefully at this. July’s figures were up on….Excuse me. Could you please concentrate on these figures? Sorry. Sorry. If you’d like to see more examples, click here. Great, next question. OK, you want to suggest that you and your friend go to the movies together one night, if they’re free and they want to. So what do you say? Eventually we could go and see a movie together. What do you think? Maybe we could go and see a movie together. What do you think? So we don’t say eventually in that situation.
The word eventually
Eventually is a false friend in several languages. It doesn’t express possibility or uncertainty in English. We use words like ‘maybe’, and ‘possibly’ to do that. In English eventually means after a long of time and a series of events. We use it after a lot of different things have happened. I didn’t know what to get Vicki for her birthday. I thought about getting her something to wear. Then I wondered about something for her car, or something for the deck, or something for the house. What? I thought for a long time and eventually I decided to get her flowers. Happy birthday. Ah, thank you. They’re beautiful. You’re welcome. It’s a good job you didn’t get me that vacuum cleaner. Yes, eventually I realized it was a bad idea. So after you’d thought about it for a long time. That’s right. Keep watching our videos and eventually your English will be perfect. Ok, the next question is similar.
In the end and at the end
Someone stops you in the street and asks you where a restaurant is. What do you say? It’s in the end of the block. It’s at the end of the block. Excuse me. Is there a Mediterranean restaurant near here? Yes, right at the end of the block. Oh, thank you. We use ‘at the end’ to talk about the last part of something. The final part, for example, at the end year At the end of the tunnel. At the end of the book. It means the final part. Oh, what movie are you watching? Oh, it’s The Murder Island Mystery. Oh it’s got a surprise twist at the end. It wasn’t the butler that did it… Stop, don’t tell me! So that’s ‘at the end’, but what does ‘in the end’ mean? It has a similar meaning to eventually. It means finally, after a series of events. We often use it when there’s been a long delay. We had a problem with the shower. We needed a plumber. We looked online. We looked in the newspapers. We called our friends. No plumber. In the end, Jay fixed it himself. Here’s a link to a video where you can see more examples. What’s next?
Miss and lose
OK. Here’s a quick one that’s tricky for some Latin language speakers. Imagine you’re going to visit a friend but you’re running late and when you arrive at the station, your train has already left. You call your friend and what do you say? I missed the train. I lost the train. Hello? Hey Jay, are you coming? Yes, but I’m gonna be late. I missed the 9 o’clock train so I’ll catch the 10 o’clock. Oh all right. Well, I’ll see you soon then. Yep. Bye. When you miss a train, bus or flight you fail to catch it. But if you lose something it means you can’t find it. This is the only key we have, so don’t lose it. OK. It would be very hard to lose a train because they’re very big. Yeah, you’d have to be a very careless train driver. If you want more examples, follow this link.
Trustworthy, trustable and trusting
OK, here’s your next question. You have a friend who is very reliable. She always does what she says and you can trust her. So how would you describe her? She is very reliable and trusting. She is very reliable and trustworthy. She is very reliable and trustable. If someone is trustworthy, you can rely on them to be good and honest. And if they’re trusting it means they tend to believe that other people are good and honest. But they might not be trustworthy themselves. Exactly. And what about trustable? Well technically speaking, trustable is also word but we hardly ever use it. We normally say trustworthy instead. And the opposite of trustworthy is… untrustworthy. I need to learn to trust you more Vicki. How can I do that? Oh, we could play the trust game. The what? The trust game. Turn around. OK. That’s right. And then you fall back. And you’ll catch me. Yeah! OK. Argh! You didn’t catch me. I’m just not very trustworthy. OK, next question.
Hard working and hardly works
All right. Your friend has a difficult job that requires a lot of effort. What could you say about her? She works hardly. She works hard. She hard works. She hardly works. We need an adverb here to describe how she works. To form a lot of adverbs we add -ly to the adjective. For example. He’s a safe driver. He drives safely. Safe is the adjective and safely is the adverb. He’s a dangerous driver. He drives dangerously. You just add -ly. But ‘hard’ is tricky. It’s irregular because the adjective and adverb are the same. So if someone puts a lot of effort into their work, they’re a hard worker and they work hard. But this is where it gets really tricky, we also have the word ‘hardly’ and that’s an adverb too. But hardly means something different. It means almost not or almost none. So if someone is hardly working, they’re almost not working. They’re the opposite of a hard worker! So this is our office. Very nice! Who’s this? Oh that’s Jeannie. She’s one of our best employees. She works really hard. And who’s that? Ah, that’s Jay. Some days he hardly works at all. Click here if you’d like to see more examples. So are we done? Yes, but if you’ve enjoyed this quiz, we have some more for you. I’ll put a link to the series below and at the end of this video, so you can test yourself on some more tricky English. And we plan to make more quizzes in the future, so make sure you’ve subscribed to our channel. Click the notification bell so you don’t miss them. Bye-bye everyone. Bye.
July 4th, 1776 was the day 13 British colonies declared their independence from Great Britain and formed a new nation. Learn about the history of the US from an American and a Brit. (Do you think we’ll agree?) We’ll also show you how we celebrate July 4th today.
You’ll hear why, in our opinions, we think: – Americans wanted a divorce from Great Britain – the founding fathers were treasonous/brave/far-sighted – taxation without representation was the core issue (or not)
We’ll also describe how we celebrate today with things like parades, street parties and fireworks. And along the way they’ll share some of their favourite (and easy) traditional recipes for a great July 4th party.
July 4th is Independence Day in the US. And it’s a public holiday. So in this video we’ll look at what American’s are celebrating and how they celebrate it. They’re celebrating leaving Great Britain. Right. So in this video you’ll hear our different opinions about the history. And we’ll show you how we like to celebrate the holiday today. This is going to be our very personal take on history. Vicki’s British and I’m American so we’ll probably disagree. Back in 1776, there was no United States. But down the East coast there were 13 British colonies. Now, on July 4th 1776 – the 13 colonies declared independence from Great Britain and came together to become a new country. So basically they committed treason. Treason is the crime where you’re disloyal to your country or its government. When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. So the declaration of independence was basically a divorce document. Yep. So why did you want a divorce from us? Well, you were making us pay taxes when we didn’t have any representatives in the British parliament. We had taxation with no representation. OK, here’s the thing. You didn’t stay in the colonies. You kept moving west and claiming more land, land where Native Americans were living, and land the French said they owned. You caused a war. She means the French and Indian war. It happened earlier. Yeah, and we helped you win it. And it cost money and the British taxpayers had to pay for it. And when we said, ‘Hey, Americans, can you contribute too’, you said ‘No, we’re not paying taxes.’ Well, you didn’t fight the war for us. You were just interested in trade and making money. So the one key thing to remember about this is ‘taxation without representation’, and that was the cry going forward. They had a lot of cries going forward. A cry going forward is like a battle cry. It’s a phrase that a group of people use to encourage one another when they’re working and fighting together. I mean I think they had quite a lot to complain about because you had Great Britain with King George and Lord North was the Prime Minister at the time, and in order to… to administer the colonies, you had to rely on boats, sailing boats. So if you needed a new law, or you needed to appoint someone new then you would have to put a letter on a ship, and wait for them to respond and then it would have to come back, so it was a kind of inefficient way, I guess, to govern. Well, worse than that, there was a British governor in each of the thirteen colonies, not an American. Well, you had a lot of local government though as well, and some of the people that the British governors were appointing were of the colonies. Well right, they were British loyalists. What? Hang on, that’s another thing, isn’t it. It wasn’t that all Americans felt one way. You were very divided. There were a lot of people who wanted to stay connected to Great Britain and actually, that’s what the Declaration of Independence is about. It’s a list of complaints about the British government and it’s designed to remind Americans what they were fighting for. It had to unite them. So that was the job of the founding fathers. You’ll hear that phrase a lot. The founding fathers. And they’re a group of men who included people like George Washington, Thomas Jefferson… And Benjamin Franklin. Benjamin Franklin. From Philadelphia. And they set up the government and created the government of the United States. These men knew that what they were doing would be treason in Great Britain. It was really dangerous. They would be killed if the British caught them. The Founding fathers were very brave and far-sighted. Far-sighted means they understood what might happen in the future They thought ahead and planned for it. It was pretty far-sighted in the eighteenth century to say all men are created equal. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. And the rest is history. We fought the British until 1781 and we won. Thankfully those wars are all over. And now July 4th is an excuse for a great party. We do have wonderful celebrations. We have parades in every town, every big city. What is a parade? Oh, a parade is groups of people who are performing as they march down the street. Sometimes there are high school bands. And there are fire trucks and firemen. In every town, in every city, there’s a parade of some kind. Have you ever been in a parade? Oh yes I have. Really? I didn’t know this. Well, when I was a young boy I was in the boy scouts, and we marched in parades in our city. We marched perfectly. We were terrific marchers. OK. And then outside the cities, often there are fair grounds, aren’t there? Oh yes, it’s a wonderful time to have amusement rides, and fun foods that you would eat? Oh what? Well we have funnel cakes. Funnel cakes are basically dough covered by confectioner’s sugar. OK, I’ll tell you what else you have. Candy floss? She means cotton candy. OK, but you would eat that? I certainly would. And what about snow cones. I don’t know what they are. Oh, well, snow cones are crushed ice dipped in a flavored syrup of some kind. So are they sorbets? No, not at all. It’s just crushed ice dipped in syrup. Oh right. OK. You have to have cold drinks on July 4th because it’s really hot. This is one of our favourites. The trick is to freeze cubes of water melon. And then you put them in here with some fruit juice and whizz them up. Cheers. Cheers. You can also make that drink with lime juice and make water melon margaritas. Delicious. So for us in Philadelphia, there’s a big parade in the morning, and then there’s a big party on the Parkway. The Parkway (the Benjamin Franklin Parkway) runs from City Hall all the way to the Art Museum. It’s a very wide boulevard, modelled partly after the Champs Elysees in Paris. There are lots of street vendors. Vendors are people who sell things. So they might sell food or drinks, and other stuff. Basically it’s about a lot of people having a lot of fun. There’s usually some great dancing that’s going on. You get a lot of local performers there. And then in the evening, in front of the Art Museum, they have famous artists performing in concerts. Some of them included Pit Bull last year, Nicki Minaj. Yes. Ed Sheeran, Ariana Grande, and it’s all for free. And back in the day they had people like the Beach Boys. The Isley Brothers. And we’ve been out there and people are dancing in the streets, we” we’ve been dancing in the streets. It’s a lot of fun. But not this year. Because of the corona virus, the celebrations are happening online. Normally we have friends around for a party and we cook a lot of food. Yes. The traditional food, I think, is hot dogs and hamburgers. You got it. And Jay makes lots of hamburgers. You make a big batch. A batch is a large amount of food that’s produced at one time. What is your secret ingredient? Ah, the secret ingredient is… don’t tell anybody, OK? The secret ingredient is a little teriyaki sauce, a little bit of garlic powder, and a little bit of oREGano, or as you would say, oreGAno. That’s right. And then I take them up to the roof deck and cook them on the grill. And I make lots of salads, so green salads, tomato salads, coleslaw. And don’t forget my favorite. Builder’s salad. Builders salad. What’s in a builder’s salad. We call it a builder’s salad. I don’t know why. Basically it’s just all the vegetables you can find in your fridge, and you chop them up and you mix them with mayonnaise and it’s lovely. Except we use vegan mayonnaise with the vegetables, so I can eat it too. But the big, big, big finale of July 4th is fireworks, right? Spectacular. The Art Museum’s just over there. They have a hige fireworks display and we can see it from here. This year, unfortunately, there’ll be no fireworks. No. But we can have some sparklers. On our deck. Happy July 4th. Happy fourth. If you’ve enjoyed this video, please share it with a friend. And if you haven’t subscribed yet, click that button. Subscribe, subscribe!
Learn the English you need to join the conversations on racism and social injustice.
Join Vicki and Jay while they prepare signs for their own protest and learn the words you need to join the global conversation on social injustice. We’ll look at: – different kinds of protests: marches, rallies, demonstrations – violence in the streets: rioting, looting, curfews, pepper spray, tear gas – how to use the words racism, racist and systemic racism – African American vs. black – rights vs. civic duties – current phrases like black lives matter, racial profiling, white privilege and to be/get woke. And finally watch Jay and Vicki’s demonstration!
We’re living at a time of huge protests. Racism, social injustice, police brutality. So in today’s lesson, you’ll learn lots of vocabulary about protests and demonstrations. So you can follow and participate in discussions and debates. And make your voice heard. And make the world a better place. We live in Philadelphia in the US and there have been huge protests here in the last few weeks. About the death of George Floyd. That’s the African American man who died when a policeman in Minneapolis had his knee on George’s neck. We didn’t join the protests here because of COVID-19 and social distancing. We wanted to but the global pandemic stopped us. So we’re going to hold our own protest instead. Really? Yep. Here’s your paint. Uh oh. What were you like in art class when you were a child. A complete failure. Really? Absolutely. Why does that not surprise me? The word protest is tricky because of the pronunciation. When it’s a noun, the stress is on the first syllable. A PROtest. But when it’s a verb, in British English, the stress moves to the second syllable. To proTEST. But in American English, I can say to proTEST, or to PROtest. It’s a British and American difference. But American English is easier. I went to the women’s march in Philadelphia. Was it dangerous? No. It was a lot of fun. Erm, and the best thing was the signs. They were very witty. Witty means clever and funny. A march is a kind of protest where you walk from one place to another. And we also have rallies. That’s when you stay in one place. In the UK, rallies are generally protests. But what about the US? Well some are4 protests, but we also have rallies to show support for political candidates. I’ve been to one of those too! Oh yes. What did you think of it? It was interesting. Very different to the UK. Another word with a similar meaning to protest is demonstrate. That’s the verb. And the noun would be demonstration. Rioting is when a crowd of people behave in a violent way. In the first few days in Philadelphia, some of the protests were peaceful, but there was also some rioting. And there was also looting. Looting is when people break into buildings and stores and steal things. And the city imposed a curfew. That’s a law that says you can’t go outside at night after a particular time. There are diffferent words we use with curfew. You can set a curfew. You can violate a curfew. You violate a curfew if you’re outside past the hour the police have said you have to be inside. Yes. And at the end of the curfew, they lift the curfew. Right. That’s when you can go outside again. But then things started to quiet down, didn’t they? Yes. And it’s actually been very peaceful for weeks now. There was a brief moment when the police fired tear gas and pepper spray at protesters to get them off the highway, But since then it’s been pretty quiet. I’ll tell you what though Jay. We had a lot of police helicopters flying overhead. Well, I think they were mostly news helicopters. Oh, do you? Yes. Riots and looting make good television. Yes, shots of peaceful protests don’t attract so many viewers. So we haven’t felt at all threatened by the protests in Philadelphia, have we? No, we’ve felt really quite safe here. We’re more worried about COVID-19. We’re concerned that two weeks after the protests, a lot of people might be sick. All the recent protests in Philadelphia have been about police brutality. Brutality means violent and cruel behavior. But I think it’s more than that. They have been about racism. They have been about…. Yeah. Black lives matter. So racism is the belief that people of one race are better than people of another race. And it’s also the unfair treatment of a race, because of that belief. And a racist is a person. It’s someone who believes their race is better than others. And they discriminate against people and treat them unfairly. The word racist can be an adjective too. We could talk about racist attitudes, racist beliefs. A racist attack. Right, right. And you’ll also hear the term systemic racism. Ah yes. If someone doesn’t give you a job because your skin is black, then it’s racism on an individual level. But when being black has meant that you can’t get access to good health care, or housing, or a good education, then it’s systemic racism. It’s about the racism that’s built into the way society works. There’s broad agreement that the murder of George Floyd was terrible, but there’s some disagreement about the term systemic racism. And some people say it doesn’t exist. But things are changing. The Merriam-Webster dictionary is going to update its definition of racism. It’s going to include systemic racism as well. The way we refer to black people in America has changed over the decades. Are both these terms acceptable. African American and black. Yes, they’re both acceptable. And which one… What’s the difference? Well African American refers to a person’s ethnicity. And black refers more to race? That’s correct. So it’s more about physical characteristics rather than culture. Mmhmm. OK. And what about in the past? What terms shouldn’t we use? Well in the 1950s and 1960s we used the term negro to refer to black or African American people. And we also used the term colored, which was really offensive. So we don’t use that either any more. OK. Something I’ve noticed about America, Jay, is that American’s are much more conscious of their ethnic identity than we are in the UK. Well yes. This is a country of immigrants, of course. But we never melted together into a homogeneous society. Instead, we’ve sort of remained separated into our ethnic groups. Irish Americans and Italian Americans and Polish Americans and so forth. I know but it carries on for generations. Oh right. So, I mean, I’ve met people here who’ve said ‘I’m Irish American’ and I’ve said ‘Oh, where are you from in Ireland?’ and they said ‘Oh, no, no. My great grandmother was Irish.’ And then I start thinking about it and I think, wow, I’m more Irish than them. You know, but I never think of myself as being Irish, or German, or, you know, the different sort of roots that I come from. I think of myself as English, or British, or European or whatever. And then there’s the issue of what right do we have to protest. And that’s quite strong, that feeling in America, isn’t it? Well, it comes from the first amendment to the constitution, which gives us the right of free speech, the right to protest the government… The right to assemble in groups… Right. And a free press. That’s right. And we have similar rights, in fact you got those rights really copying the rights we have in the UK. No, they were invented in America. There’s something that I’ve become more conscious of here and maybe it’s a British and American thing, or maybe it’s just because I’m getting older. Mmm. But, there’s the idea of the right to free speech being your right – it’s something you are able to do – but there’s also the idea here I think of it being a civic duty. It’s the correct thing to do and something you should do, so if you see injustice, you should speak up. So as a result of the protests after George Floyd was killed, people have become more aware of the effects and the extent of racism in America. Yeah, they’ve got woke. Huh? That’s my new expression. It has African American origins. If you are woke or you get woke, then you become aware of racism. Just a few years ago, people disagreed about the phrase ‘black lives matter’. So if somebody said ‘black lives matter’, other people would say ‘yes, but all lives matter’. Which is kind of missing the point, because it’s the black lives that are being discriminated against. It’s dangerous to be black in America. If you’re black, you’re much more likely to be stopped by the police and mistreated. Another phrase you’ll hear is ‘racial profiling’. That’s when the police suspect somebody has committed a crime because of their appearance, rather than because there’s any evidence. For example, many more black people get stopped and searched than white people, because of racial profiling. I think American companies have got more woke as well. Oh yeah. We’ve seen a series of companies coming out and expressing their new understanding of black lives matter. There was a really great video on social media the other day put out by a black mother. And she said ‘If you’ve never felt fear in your heart when a policeman stopped you, then you have white privilege. A privilege is a special right or advantage that a person or group has. So what is white privilege? Well, it’s the expectation that you won’t be beaten by police, that if you’re arrested, you’ll be treated fairly, that if you need a loan, you’ll get it. That if you need an education to get a good job, you’ll get it. In the US, African Americans don’t have that expectation. I think we have a lot to learn about the extent of racial injustice. It’s good that these discussions are happening. We need educating. I’ll tell you something I found very heartening though too, was all the protests around the world. It was moving, especially when there’s a global pandemic. Yeah, gathering in large crowds is strongly warned against in many places. And actually illegal in others. But I think the message struck a chord, because there were so many protests. Yes, if a message strikes a chord, it makes people feel sympathy and enthusiasm. One of the interesting things that’s going on now in the protests are attacks on statues of people who have had negative impacts on the African American community. It’s been happening all over the world too. In the UK, they’ve been removing statues of slave traders. And in Belgium, they’ve removed statues of Leopold II. Historians estimate that he was responsible for ten million deaths in Africa. And in the US, it’s often statues of generals in the confederate army. So military leaders from the side that lost the civil war. But even more recent politicians have had their statues attacked. One of them is here in Philadelphia. Yes, there was a politician in Philadelphia called Frank Rizzo, and you knew him, didn’t you? I knew him very well. He was first the police commissioner in Philadelphia when I was a young reporter here. And then he ran for mayor and became mayor for two terms – for eight years. At one time he told Philadelphians to vote white. He was racist. He was definitely racist. In fact he attacked the Black Panther party in 1967 and had all its members stand outside naked while he called in the reporters and photographers. He was not a very nice guy. But he was popular with some people, wasn’t he? He was extremely popular. Particularly in the white ethnic communities in Philadelphia. And what happened when you published a negative story about him? I covered a story about Rizzo and the free press. It was a negative story and his supporters didn’t like it, as I learned later that night. I went outside to my car in the television station’s parking lot and found that all four tires on my car had been slashed flat. Are those all the signs? Yes, well done Jay! You were a good painter after all. So what happens now? It’s time to demonstrate. Oh! This was a common phrase in the 1960s when we were protesting against the Viet Nam war, but I think it’s still relevant today. This is the idea that if you see injustice, you should speak up. If you stay silent, you’re part of the problem. This has become a powerful message for change and it’s struck a chord all around the world. This is a phrase we use when we think something shouldn’t continue any longer. For example, we’ve been ignoring climate change for too long. Enough is enough. This is about voting being our duty. If we don’t vote, democracy will be destroyed. This is about joining together to fight for what’s right. What does it say in the middle? When – when we are united. I forgot the n. This has become a political issue in the US. I don’t know why. Please, just wear a mask. This is my new favourite phrase. It means get educated so you become aware of racial injustice. And that’s it everyone, but I have a question. If you made a sign, what would you write on it? If you’ve enjoyed this video, share it with a friend. And don’t forget to subscribe so you don’t miss our future videos. Bye-bye Bye.
This quiz is about common mistakes that English learners make. We look at: – affect vs. effect – by vs. until – how to say someone’s age – raise vs. rise – when we use the verb ‘suggest’ – structures we use (and don’t use) with suggest
How good is your English? We’re going to have a quiz to find out. We’ll try to catch you out with some common mistakes. Let’s see how you do. We’ve made some quiz videos like this before. Here’s how they work. We ask a question and you have to answer before the clock stops ticking. Let’s have the first one. OK, here’s the situation. This weekend, your friend is planning to go to the seaside. She means the shore. But the weather forecast is terrible. What do you ask your friend? Is the weather going to effect your plans? Is the weather going to affect your plans? Affect is usually a verb and it means to change or influence something And effect is a noun. It’s the result of the change or influence. So verb and noun. Notice the spelling so you don’t muddle them up. This is a mistake that native English speakers make too. Well they sound very similar. Affect. Effect. When we’re speaking naturally that /?/ sound becomes like a schwa. It’s hard to hear the difference. Hello Kathy. I can’t believe it’s still raining. Yeah, it’s terrible. Really bad. When’s it going to stop? The forecast is not good. Is it going to affect your plans? Well, I was thinking of going to the shore this weekend, but now I think I won’t. There was a really strange man answering all my questions. OK, next question. I think this one might be extra tricky for our Brazilian viewers. Imagine your boss is giving you instructions. What does she say? You need to finish this report until Friday. You need to finish this report till Friday. You need to finish this report by Friday. When we’re talking about a deadline, we say ‘by’. ‘By’ means at or before a time. So no later than. And what about until? That’s what we say when we’re talking about a situation that continues up to a time. You can watch this until nine o’clock, but then we’re going to change channels. What’s happening at nine o’clock? Dancing with the Stars is on. She loves that program. Another way of saying until is ‘till’. It means the same as until, but it sounds a little less formal. Notice the spelling. It has two Ls. Let’s see ‘by’ and ‘until’ in action. So when will you be back? Not until late. OK. I’ll probably be in bed by the time you get home. OK. Have fun! See ya! Yes. Are you in bed yet? Yes. I’ve forgotten my keys. Yes. I’ll be back by twelve. Could you stay awake until I get back? Hello? Hello? If you want to see more examples, here’s a link. OK our next question is a quick one. Imagine you have a young nephew and you want to say how old he is. He has six years. He’s six years old. He’s six years. He’s six. So we say six years old, or just the number: He’s six. We don’t say ‘He’s six years’. Though a lot of my students make that mistake. How old are you Jay? I’ve lost count. What about you? You should never ask a lady her age! True. We’ve made another video about that. I’ll put the link here. OK, next question. You’ve noticed that some things have been getting more expensive because of the corona virus. What do you say? Prices have been rising Prices have been raising. Stores have been rising their prices. Stores have been raising their prices. Both of these verbs describe upward movement, but we use them in different ways. Raise takes a direct object, so we always raise something. We can raise our hand or raise our eyebrows, And raise is a regular verb: raise – raised – raised. But rise is an irregular verb. Rise – rose – risen. And rise has no direct object so things just rise. The sun rises in the east. Nobody puts it up. It goes up on its own. And now ladies and gentlemen, Vicki will rise into the air. She’s rising. She’s risen. She rose. Oooh. What happened? I used my magic powers to raise you into the air. What else can you do with that? Oh anything. I can even make you disappear. Here’s another way to think of it. Raise is like lift or or put up, and rise is like go up. If you want some more practice, we have more examples here OK, another question. You’re going out for a meal with a friend and you need to decide on a restaurant. You’ve heard Victor’s Bistro is good. Here are four phrases, but one sounds strange. Which one? I suggest going to Victor’s Bistro. Why don’t we try Victor’s Bistro? How about Victor’s Bistro? Let’s go to Victor’s Bistro. So they’re all possible, but ‘I suggest’ is a bit strange. It’s because ‘suggest’ is quite a formal word. You’re more likely to write it or to say it in a formal business meeting. Normally we use a different phrase to make suggestions. Where do you want to go for dinner tonight? Why don’t we try the Chinese place? Or how about Victor’s Bistro? Good idea! Let’s book a table. We use ‘suggest’, when we want to be explicit, in other words, extra clear. Or when we’re reporting what someone else said. Why don’t we look at that? OK. Here’s another question. Imagine you wrote a report for your boss, but she didn’t like it and she says ‘I think you should do it again?’ Here are 3 sentences. How many are correct? She suggested me to do it again. She suggested to do it again. She suggested I do it again. So only one answer was correct there. ‘She suggested I do it again’. It’s because you can’t use an infinitive form after the verb suggest. There are other forms you could use, like she suggested doing it again – that would be correct. But after suggest, you can’t say ‘to do’. Hello? Oh hi, Jennifer. Hey Jay. Can you send me that report? I’m still working on it. I thought you’d finished it. Well Vicki suggested that I do it again. Ah! Suggest is a tricky verb. But we have a video about it with more examples. I’ll put the link here. And I’ll also add the link to the other quiz videos in this series at the end. So you can keep testing yourself if you like. Are we done then? Yes, but if you know anyone who you think would enjoy this video, please share it with them. And don’t forget to subscribe to our channel. Take care everyone. Bye. Bye- bye.
Jay hasn’t been able to get his haircut because of the corona virus so Vicki takes on a hairdressing challenge. What could go wrong?
Learn lots of English words and phrases that you’ll need at the hairdresser’s and barbershop. You’ll learn how to: – explain the haircut you want – give instructions to your hairdresser or barber – engage in small talk
Here’s just some of the hairdressing vocabulary we look at: The tools: scissors, clippers, cape, gown, straighteners Actions: to blend, to blow dry, to trim, to braid or plait, to clip close Problems: bald spot, receding hairline, too much volume, straggly eye brows Hair styles: pony tail, buzz cut, undercut, bob, quiff
You’ll also find out whether it’s possible to cut someone’s hair after watching YouTube videos. Enjoy!
My hair’s getting very long because the barbershops are closed. Because of the corona virus. So Vicki’s going to cut my hair. I’ve never done this before. But she’s watched some YouTube videos. What could go wrong? You’re going to learn phrases you could use at the hairdresser’s today. And the barbers, or the barbershop. Barber’s are for men and hairdresser’s are for men and women. But mostly for women. And we also have hair salons and beauty salons and styling salons. But for us, it’s the kitchen! Here are our tools. We have scissors. We have combs. We have a hairdryer. We have clippers. Straighteners. I don’t think we’ll need them. And a spray bottle for keeping my hair wet. It’s a bit dirty, Jay. Yes, I use it when I’m grilling on the deck. OK. We don’t have a razor. That’s a very, very sharp blade. And we don’t have one of those brushes for brushing away the hair that’s been cut off. Another thing we don’t have is a cape. That’s the gown they give you to wear so you don’t get hair all over your clothes. But we do have a bin bag. Here’s your gown, sir. Then it’s time for the haircut. How do you want me to cut your hair. Shorter. Yes but… Ok we need words describing what you want your barber to do. Well, shorter all over, but not so short that my bald spot is uncovered. Oh, OK. A bald spot is a place on your head where there’s no hair. That’s different from a receding hairline. A receding hairline is when your hair moves up and back. How much shorter would you like? About .. about this much? A little bit shorter? Maybe you can cut an inch off? So you want quite a bit off. You don’t want me to just trim it. No, a trim is really not short enough. When you trim hair you make it neater by just cutting off a little bit. I need to trim my fringe. We call those bangs in the US. What else can we trim? Well we can trim a hedge. Yeah. We can trim the lawn. Erm, we can trim costs. Oh yes. A business might have to trim costs. Right. The first thing they do at a barbershop is wash your hair. I think we’ll use the squirty bottle. Um. It’s not working Jay. You have to twist the front. OK. We’ve hit our first problem. The squirty bottle doesn’t work. I’ll put some.. I’ll use a cup of water. All right? Oh Jay. You’re going to get very wet today. I AM getting very wet. It’s a good job you’ve got the dustbin bag. Jay’s hair’s very curly. Mine’s pretty straight. It’s just wavy at the bottom. My hair’s getting so long, you could possibly braid it. A braid. We call that a plait in British English. It’s when you take three pieces of hair and rope them over and under eachother. You can braid of plait and it’s a noun as well. And if you have lots of them and they’re really long, they’re called dreadlocks. And then there are pony tails. That’s when your hair is tied at the back of your head. Or pig tails. That’s when you have two bunches of hair. Is your hair dry or oily, Jay? Its dry. And hair can be thick or thin. Mine’s thin. Uhuh. Mine’s pretty thick. So sometimes when I go to the hairdresser I say, ‘Can you take some weight off?’ or ‘Can you take… Can you give me less volume?’. OK Jay. Do you want a parting? No thank you. In American English, we call that a part, and I don’t want one. OK Jay. Here we go. And this is getting serious now. Can you take your glasses off? Sure. Great. How much do you pay your barber? My barber is really very inexpensive compared to other barbers in the city here. He only charges me $20 for a haircut and I give him a $5 tip. But most of the barbers around town are $35 for a haircut, or more. You see for a women’s haircut I think I pay about $75. Well you generally have more hair than I do. I don’t think we pay your barber enough. OK, tilt your head forward. Does your barber offer you anything to drink? For a $20 haircut? No! I always get a cup of coffee. I guess that’s why you pay $75! Let me see how long it is in the front. Cut some more off. Cut more off? Oh yeah. Sure. Yeah. Oh, you’re right. Look at that. Barber’s also cut sideburns. Oh yes. That’s when you have hair that comes down here. Well, we refer to ‘the sideburns’ even if they’re higher. The question is how do you make them absolutely even? Oh. And the answer is the line in my ear. Right here. You make it even with that line.. Oh right. And when you get the clippers out, you can make sure it’s a sharp line. OK, you want a sharp line. Absolutely! If I.. If I comb down. I see. And then cut it. You’ll cut my ear off. It will all look… It will look funny. I see. So you have to blend it. I see. That’s what they do on YouTube. Oh, I hope I haven’t taken too much off. Do you think that much was too much? I have no idea. So what different kinds of men’s hairstyles are there, Jay? Well there’s a buzz cut. That’s a military style where your hair is really very, very short. And there’s also a crew cut. That’s a little bit longer than a buzz cut, but it’s similar. And there’s a mohawk. That’s where it’s spiky on top. You have to put products in your hair to make it stand up straight. And you could have an out-of-bed look. Sort of bed head. That’s when your hair’s a mess. It looks like you’ve just got out of bed. There’s also a fade. A fade is when it’s very short at the bottom and gradually gets longer. And there’s also an undercut. That’s when the bottom is really short and the top is much longer. Women have this cut too and it’s quite fashionable. So sometimes they’ll have very little hair on the side, but then they’ll flick their hair over and it’s long. And then there’s a quiff. This is a British English term. It’s when part of your hair stands up in the front above your forehead. Elvis Presley had a quiff. There’s another British term too that’s a bit old fashioned. And it’s a short back and sides and that’s when you have short hair at the back, and at the sides. There are different kinds of hairstyles for women too. Long, short and medium length. And some women have a bob, that’s very common. I have a wig that’s a bob. The hair is the same length all the way round. And then the opposite of a bob would be a layered cut where the hair is different lengths. You know you need small talk when you’re at the barber’s of hairdresser’s. What do you talk about with your barber. Well, we talk about how we’re feeling, we talk about our lives. We talk about how work is going. There are people that we both know. We talk about them. Uhuh. You’ve known your barber a long time, haven’t you? Well he’s been cutting my hair since 2003. That’s seventeen years. OK, what about if you met a barber for the first time? What conversations could you have with him? Well I’d ask him where he’s from. And how long he’s been doing this. I might ask about his family. Sometimes they talk about their children and grandchildren. It’s always fun. So you go to very old barbers then. Yes. Very experienced barbers. With my barber, I always talk about politics. But it’s a safe topic for us because we support the same policies. Do you think politics is a good topic, Jay? No, I do not. I’m not sure what my barber’s politics are and I’m even less sure of the other people in the waiting room. So no, it’s not a discussion I would have in the barbershop. You could ask your barber to recommend hair products for you. The only one he’s recommended actually is, after he’s seen my gray hair, he’s recommended dye. Jay and I don’t dye our hair, but sometimes I get highlights. It’s when they make strips of your hair lighter than others, so I have blonde streaks. You can also get lowlights. That’s when they make some streaks darker. The word ‘hair’ is tricky. It can be a countable noun or an uncountable noun. When it means all the hair on your head it’s uncountable. I have gray hair. That’s uncountable. But when we’re talking about individual strands of hair, hair is a countable noun. I have some grey hairs. Can you see them? Most of my hair is brown, but there are some grey strands there. What products do use use on your hair, Jay? Well there’s conditioner. That’s a liquid or cream you put onto your hair during or after washing to make it softer. It stops it from being dry. And there’s hair spray. That’s a sticky liquid you spray on to keep it in place. It stinks. And then there’s hair gel. That’s a thick wet substance that helps your hair hold a style. And then there’s hair wax. That’s similar to gel but it’s made of wax so it doesn’t go hard. It doesn’t dry out. I’ve never used clippers before. You can put attachments on them. So Jay. Do you want it clipped close? Not terribly close. I just want the lines to be straight. Do you know what number you want? Something in the middle maybe? Number one is the shortest and then a higher number gives you longer hair. Put your head down. OK. I can make a line like this Jay. That’s right. Good job, Vick. Sometimes barbers will trim your beard if you have one, or your mustache. And they will trim my eyebrows. Oh, I can do that for you because I saw how to do that on YouTube. Good because I definitely need it. Would you like your eyebrows trimmed, sir. Please trim my eyebrows! I’m told that the gray ones are the worst ones to cut. Are they? Because they’re the straggly ones. When the barber is done he always gives me a mirror so I can look at the back of my hair. With a hand mirror. We don’t have one of them. No. Probably just as well. OK, sir. I hope that I’m going to get a good tip. Oh absolutely! You’ll get the best tip that there is.
People have been using English words in funny new ways during the COVID-19 lockdown. Play along with Jay and see if you can work out what they mean.
We’ll look at these clever examples of word play – covidiot – coronacoaster – coronials – the COVID-10. – fattening the curve – the locktail hour – quarantinis – furlough merlot. – bored-eaux. – cabernet tedium – elephant in the zoom
Do you want to play with some English words? This video is about wordplay. That’s when you use words in funny or clever ways to make jokes. So come and play with some new COVID-19 words. And join in our quiz! Thank you everyone who’s been leaving us comments about how you’re surviving the corona crisis. We’ve loved hearing about what you’ve been doing and learning about new words you’re using. Here’s something I’ve learnt. If you translate the word elbow bump from German, it becomes an elbow kiss! So an English elbow bump is a German elbow kiss. It sounds much nicer than a bump. Lots of you have told us about English words that you’re using in your language. So phrases like ‘social distancing’ have become international. But in Indonesia, Saeful says it’s PSBB which means something like ‘restrictions on large-scale social’. It sounds very formal. Well it is in a way. Several of you mentioned this new word. Covidiot! That’s a great one. So what does it mean? It’s a term for someone who thinks the coronavirus isn’t real. So It’s a combination of COVID and idiot and it’s wordplay. Covidiots think social distancing rules are unnecessary so they’re ignoring all the public health advice and going sunbathing on crowded beaches. Or joining large crowds to protest about the shutdown. And not wearing masks. New words like this are being coined with the coronavirus. I’ve got some here and I’m going to see if Jay knows what they mean. You can play along with me and see if you know what they mean too. OK, here’s the first one: coronacoaster. Does it mean drinking beer from Mexico? Oh Corona beer. No. Is it something to do with a crown? Why? Corona’s another word for crown. That’s how the virus got it’s name. Because it has spikes like a crown. Good guess but no. Coronacoaster. It sounds like roller coaster. So the amusement park ride? Yes, a roller coaster has a lot of ups and downs and a coronacoaster is the ups and downs we feel during lockdown. One minute we’re thinking this is great because we can stay at home with our family and and we have this extra time. And the next minute we’re thinking this is terrible because of all the bad news about the virus. Living through COVID-19 is an emotional roller coaster. A coronacoaster! OK, next one: coronials. It sounds like colonials – people who live in a colony. Yeah, but it also sounds like millennials. Oh, it’s the generation of people who survive and live through the corona virus. Nearly. But it’s a future generation of babies – babies that will be born in 9 months-time. Because their parents were staying inside on lock down and finding fun ways to pass the time. You’ve got it! Millennials are the generation of people that became adults in the early 21st century, so this is a clever bit of wordplay. Where are these words coming from? Oh they’re all over the internet. People love playing with words. I wonder if they’ll make it into the Oxford dictionary? Who knows. OK, next one. The COVID-10. It sounds like a gang – a group of thieves or criminals. OK, here’s a clue. We’ve both been eating more than we should during the lockdown. Oh it’s the extra 10 pounds we’ve put on! You’ve got it and there’s a similar one that made me laugh. You know how we’ve been talking about flattening the curve. What’s that? That’s about doing things like social distancing so we don’t ovewhelm the hospitals. Taking protective measures can flatten the curve, so hospitals have the capacity to handle all the COVID cases. But there’s here’s the new term. Instead of flattening the curve, this one’s fattening the curve. Oh that’s funny. That’s about all the extra weight we’re putting on from eating too much. We’ve both been fattening our curves! It’s so true! Have you been putting on weight too? And have you got any tips for taking it off? We need them! I think the Simple English Videos family has been using its time wisely because several of you mentioned you were studying English and preparing for FCE. Good for you! But what’s happening with the Cambridge English exams? They’ve been disrupted because of the virus. In some countries, Cambridge have introduced a new IELTS exam that you can do online. Even the speaking exam? That too. It’s similar to the normal exam but online. They call it an indicator exam. So it indicates the score you’d get if you took the real exam? Yes. It’s a temporary solution for students who need to present their IELTS score to universities. Cool! OK, let’s have another word. OK. This is a phrase. The locktail hour. What’s that? I’ve no idea. You’ve heard of the cocktail hour, right? Yes, it’s the time of day when we have cocktails. So the locktail hour… Is the cocktail hour during lock down! I think it’s been getting earlier in the days for lots of folks. Yes! There are lots of funny phrases about drinking. What are Quarantinis? You got me. They’re experimental cocktails you mix from whatever you can find in your drink cupboard. So quarantine – martini. Very clever. We could make some of those! We have some strange drinks in our closet. And there are puns about wine as well. A pun is when you play with a word that has more than one meaning Or words that have different meanings but sound similar. Here’s one: furlough merlot. That rhymes! It must be the wine you drink to relieve the frustrations of being furloughed. Exactly! To be furloughed is when companies tell workers not to come to work for a while because they don’t have the money to pay them. It used to an American rather than a British term, but I read it in the Guardian this week. So you’re starting to use it in British English now? Uhuh. Here’s another one. Bored-eaux. Get it? Yeah – they’re playing with the wine varieties here. And another: cabernet tedium Instead of cabernet sauvignon. Yeah. Tedium is another word for boredom. Tedious is the adjective. Are you finding the shutdown tedious? We hope not. OK, I’ve got one more for you and it’s my favourite. But first, what’s an elephant in the room, Jay? Umm, it’s a problem that everybody knows about, but they avoid mentioning. Yeah, it when there’s a topic that’s difficult so nobody wants to talk about it. Can you give me an example? OK. Um. Racial inequality is going to be an elephant in the room for a lot of politicians in our next election. Good example! OK, so here’s the new expression. You know how we’re all having video meetings these days. What’s an ‘elephant in the zoom’? Oh, then this is about some sort of problem in a zoom meeting. Yeah! Maybe someone’s behaving strangely, but nobody says anything about it. Exactly. So you can see something’s wrong. Their office is really untidy – a big mess. Or they might have grown a strange beard or perhaps they’re still wearing their pajamas. But nobody says anything. Well things in Paris have been really really busy. Well thanks for making time for this meeting. We’re just waiting for Jay. Oh, here he is. Hi Jay. Hi everyone. Sorry I’m late. Well, let’s get started then. Shall we all look at last month’s figures? You know what we need a new word for. What’s that? The bad hair I’m getting from not being able to go to the barber. Perhaps you can suggest one. What should we call it? Corona hair? Coronalocks Coronacurls But I think the solution came today. What? Open it up. What this? Yes. OK. Let’s see what we’ve got here. This just arrived earlier today. What have you got? Would you like my help? It’s hairclippers! Are you going to cut your own hair? No actually, I was going to cut yours. You’re kidding! You’re going to cut it for me. No, you’re going to cut if for me. You’re very trusting. Well, you can see how well she does in our next video. We hope you’re finding better ways to solve your problems and enjoy life in these difficult times. We’ll see you all soon, and in the meantime, wash your hands, And call your grandparents. Bye now. Bye-bye!
Languages change when new problems come up because we need to words to describe them.
In this video we look at some of the new words that have entered the Oxford English Dictionary since the outbreak of COVID-19, and we’ll show you how we use them in action.
You’ll learn: – the difference between COVID-19 and the coronavirus – new acronyms: WFH and PPE – how the meanings of phrases like social distancing, self isolation have changed over time – collocations for the adjective non-essential – how we’re using the words lockdown, stay at home and shelter in place these days.
Language Change with COVID-19
The English we speak is always changing. There are two things that drive the change. One is contact with other languages and the other is major events that change our lives. When new problems come up, we need new words to describe them. And that’s what’s been happening with the coronavirus. In this video you’ll learn some important new English words and how to use them. They’re words and phrases that you can use to describe your life and relationships in our new world. Every three months the Oxford English Dictionary adds new words and phrases. But because of the coronavirus, more new words and meanings have been coined, so they’ve done an early update. For example, they’ve added the word COVID-19. They call it ‘an acute respiratory illness in humans caused by the coronavirus. Respiratory means connected with breathing and your lungs. OK, what’s the difference between coronavirus and COVID-19? Coronavirus is a general term so there are lots of different coronaviruses. The common cold is a coronavirus Atchoo! More serious viruses like MERS and SARS are coronaviruses too. COVID-19 is the particular strain of the virus that we’re fighting today. So COVID-19 is a more specific term. It’s a short form of the phrase ‘coronavirus disease 2019’. 2019 was the year they identified it. And sometimes it’s called novel coronavirus . Novel means new, because it’s a new coronavirus! A lot of the new meanings in the Oxford English Dictionary are about how we interact with one another because of COVID-19. For example, elbow bump. So an elbow bump is a greeting when we don’t want to shake hands. But in the past, elbow bumps were like high fives, a sort of celebration. Yay! COVID-19 is making us rethink the way we interact. Oh. Do you have the figures for February? Oh sure. Let’s see. Oh, here it is! I didn’t want to touch that paper after you’d licked your fingers. We have to learn new habits and with new habits come new words. Or new meanings of old words. Here’s one. In the past self-isolation used to describe countries that kept themselves separate. Historically, some countries have had an isolationist foreign policy where there was no foreign trade and it was very hard for people from other countries to enter. But now self-isolation means something different. If someone has or thinks they might have the coronavirus, they self-isolate and keep themselves apart from their family. They have to stay physically separate and clean and disinfect any common areas. Another word like that is self-quarantine. Quarantine is a length of time when a person or animal is kept separate so that they don’t infect anyone with a disease. But these days people are self-quarantining, so they don’t infect their families. Self-quarantining is really tough to do. And here’s another phrase that’s changed its meaning: social distancing. You’ll hear this a lot. In the past, social distancing meant not wanting to engage socially with other people. We went to a networking event last night. Oh, what was it like? Boring! It was very useful. There were about a dozen people there and everyone made a short presentation. I didn’t like it. Did you meet any interesting people? Yes. Well I did. I didn’t talk to anybody. So you kept your social distance from everyone at the event. I didn’t want to get involved. You didn’t want to talk to them! But these days social distancing is less about feelings and attitudes and more about physical distance. We need to stay six feet apart. So now we get our groceries delivered, but the delivery person is careful not to come near us. They leave the food on the front doorstep and go away. Have a good day. Thank you so much. You’re welcome. Take care. Thank you, bye. We have lovely neighbours and we used to stand at the wall on our deck and chat to them. But now we understand that we need to keep our distance. Joao! Hello! How are you doing? We also have some new English acronyms. An acronym is when you take the first letters of a phrase and turn them into a word. Do you know what this means? It means working from home and you’ll see it a lot in emails. It’s usually written. When we’re speaking we normally say working from home. How are you finding working from home Jay? Oh it’s great! I never get bored in meetings any more. Another new acronym is PPE. We talked about that in our last video. It stands for personal protective equipment, but that takes a long time to say so we just say PPE. Doctors and nurses need PPE to protect themselves. And we’re starting to wear PPE now too. Good morning colleagues. Welcome back to work after the shutdown. Please remember to sit six feet apart. And please remember to wear masks. And don’t forget to wear gloves. When something big like COVID-19 happens, we have change our ways. It makes us rethink all the things we do in our lives. What really matters? What’s important in life? Here’s an adjective that’s been rising in frequency. If something is non-essential it means it isn’t necessary We talk about non-essential travel, non-essential workers, non-essential businesses… For example, where we live in Philadelphia they’ve closed non-essential businesses. But what is a non-essential business? That’s a good question because people disagree. Non-essential businesses are often recreational, so things like theatres, museums, restaurants, bars… Schools have closed too, of course. Here’s another group phrases we’re hearing a lot. A lockdown is an official order that’s given in a dangerous situation. It controls the movement of people or vehicles. Prisoners in jail might be placed on lockdown if there’s violence. A lockdown is very strict and it suggests danger. But these days people people are using ‘lockdown’ when they’re just talking about staying at home when they really want to go out. In Philadelphia, we have a ‘stay at home’ order which sounds a little less strict than a lockdown. We can go out, but only to do essential tasks like shopping for food. Some states in the US have another term: ‘shelter in place’ This is interesting because ‘shelter in place’ used to be connected with gun violence in the US. Well it’s still used if there’s an active shooter with a gun. People are told to shelter in place. It means stay where you are and don’t move. But now, with COVID-19 it can just mean ‘don’t go out’. It’s become another way of saying ‘stay at home’. We know a lot of you are obeying the rules and staying at home too Yeah. We’ve loved reading your comments and hearing how you’re coping with the coronavirus in your part of the world. Staying at home has been our best defense and thank you for doing that. I have a question. Have you noticed any new words and meanings entering your language too? Write and tell us if you have. We want to hear about them. And thanks to everyone who has already written and please keep the comments coming. And don’t forget to wash your hands. And don’t forget to call your grandparents, wash your hands and keep safe. Bye-bye. Bye.
Click here to see another video we made about the coronavirus.
Learn the English vocabulary you need to talk about COVID-19 and how it’s affecting your lives. In this video we focus on important words and phrases for talking about stocks, supplies and shortages. First we look at serious shortages of medical supplies: – PPE: personal protective equipment such as masks, gowns, goggles and gloves – respirators and ventilators – COVID-19 tests Then Vicki and Jay show you how they’re coping. You’ll hear about contact-less delivery and learn many different meanings of the word ‘stock’ along with verbs like ‘snagged’ and ‘hoarding’.
How are you? We really hope you’re keeping safe and healthy. We’re both fine and we’re staying at home because of COVID-19. We know many of you are too, so we’re going to tell you how we’re coping And we hope you’ll share your stories with us too. This video’s about vocabulary you can use to talk about your lives and how you’re affected by COVID-19. We’ll focus on language for talking about a big issue – stocks, supplies and shortages. A shortage is when there isn’t enough of something that’s needed. The most serious shortages are medical supplies and equipment. Doctors, nurses and other essential workers need PPE – Personal Protective Equipment. In particular, they need masks to protect their faces. Goggles to cover their eyes. Gowns to protect their bodies. And gloves to cover their hands. Hospitals also need ventilators and respirators. They both help with breathing so what’s the difference? A ventilator is a machine that helps a patient breathe. It pumps oxygen into the lungs if they’re too ill or weak to breathe themselves. A respirator is a kind of mask, so it’s a kind of PPE. The American Centers for Disease Control recommends that health workers wear N95 respirators that fit tightly around their nose and mouth. Now ,there are some kinds of respirators that pump air, so they’re a kind of ventilator too. So sometimes the words respirator and ventilator can be synonyms and mean the same thing. But normally, ventilators are machines that help patients breathe and respirators are the protective masks. OK. Another serious shortage in the US is testing. It’s very hard to get tested for COVID-19 here. We lack the tests we need. There’s a lack of testing. Notice the word ‘lack’ here. We use it when there isn’t enough of something and you can use it as a verb or a noun. There’s another thing we lack at the moment. What’s that? Good news. Yes. The news is so bad. But personally, we want you to know that Vicki and I are fine. And we’d like to say thank you to everyone who’s been wishing us good health in the comments. Thank you all. We’ve been isolating for nearly a month now, so we haven’t left the house. And we’re lucky because in Philadelphia we can order online and get food and other things delivered. It’s called contact-less delivery because they just leave it on your doorstep. Can you do the same? I know it’s harder for my family in England. But it can take a while to get a delivery here now. Lots of people are ordering online so there are delays It took two weeks to snag a delivery. Snag – that’s an interesting use of the word snag. Really? It means we were lucky to get a delivery. That meaning is more common in American than British English. Well I’m glad we snagged it. Our stocks were running low and our refrigerator was empty. We ran out of fresh fruit and vegetables. When you run low, you don’t have many. And when you run out, you don’t have any. We need to learn to order early. But we’ve stocked up now. Now, what about that word ‘stock’? It has a lot of different meanings. We have the stock market. For example, the stock market fell when the corona virus hit. Here stock means a share in a company. And stock can be a liquid too that we use in cooking. This is stock. It’s a liquid you make by boiling meat or vegetables and you can use it to make soup. But more often, stock is a supply of something. Companies might do stocktaking. That’s when they count their inventory and all the materials they use to manufacture their products and do business. And the word ‘stock’ can be a verb too. If a store stocks something, then it has it for sale. And they might stock the shelves – keep them full. And if a store has an item available for sale, then we say it’s ‘in stock’. And if there aren’t any for sale, then the store is ‘out of stock’. Here’s a message I had from Amazon this week. It’s quite formal English because it was a written message. If I were saying this, I’d probably say something like ‘This item is out of stock, so we can’t get it. We’ve cancelled your order and we’re sorry. What were they out of? Contact lens solution. So you can’t clean your contact lenses? No but it’s not a big problem, yet. With the corona virus, lots of people have been ‘stocking up’ on things – buying them in large quantities. Like hand sanitizer and toilet paper. People have been panic-buying because they’re worried about a shortage. They’re hoarding them. Now hoarding is another interesting verb. It has negative connotations. It’s when you have a secret stack of something that you don’t want to share. Here’s another phrase we use with the word stock. We could say a supermarket is well-stocked. That means the shelves are full of different things. We have a well-stocked refrigerator. We can order food online and get it delivered so we’re not worried about running out. But drinks are a different story. Yes, we don’t know what we have so we want to ‘take stock’. We want to evaluate our situation because we can’t buy any more. Yeah. The reason dates back to the 1920s when there was prohibition in America and nobody could buy or sell alcohol. And when they changed the law so you could buy alcohol again, Pennsylvania, the state we live in, took control of all the liquor stores. When the COVID crisis started, the governor closed down all the non-essential businesses, but he left the liquor stores open. So other businesses complained and they said ‘Hey! That’s not fair!’ So then he closed down the liquor stores too… And people REALLY complained about that. So they opened up an online store and as soon as they did… … the website crashed! But luckily we have some alcohol in the house. We’ve got.. We’ve got some red wine. We like red wine. There’s a bottle of port there, and I think it’s full. Oh my goodness. There’s a little tiny bit of martini. Another bit of port. Oh look, there’s some English sherry. Oh, very nice. A pre-dinner drink one night. Some pickled onions. Urgh! An English delicacy. Erm… And then we have this Frangelico liqueur. Where did we get that? I have no idea. I think it’ll give us a headache. We’ve also got this. Ah, cachacas. You mix this with lime juice and a lot of sugar and it makes a caipirinha. You get those in Brazil. And we’ve got a little bit of campari but I haven’t got any soda water. I’ll have to get some. And then a bit more wine. Is it.. oh… It’s scotch whiskey. I think we’ll be all right for a little while. Do you have plenty to eat and drink too? We hope so. And are you like us and looking through your cupboards and finding food and drink there that you’d forgotten you had? Are you staying at home too? What are you doing through this COVID-19 crisis? We’d love to hear about your experiences, so please write and tell us in the comments. Or make a video about them. You can post it on YouTube and send the link here. We’d love to know how you’re getting on. Please keep safe everyone and don’t forget to call your grandpa and grandma. Bye. Bye-bye
What do you like doing? That was the question we asked members of the Simple English Videos family this year. We’ve always suspected that we have the world’s most interesting English learners and now we know for sure! This year’s SEVY awards winners are amazing! So if you want to meet a photographer, a botanist, a singer, a dancer, athletes, artists, linguists, and so many more creative and talented people, you’re in the right place.
Welcome to the 2020 SEVY Awards The awards for students who rise to the challenge of speaking English. Speaking English to the world! We’re thrilled to present members of the Simple English Videos family. People from all over the world who’ve risen to our communication challenge. People of great courage! And amazing creativity. At a time when we’re on lock down from the corona virus. And many of you are too. Let’s share and connect. Hey, this is exciting. Yeah. For the last two weeks we’ve been waking up and finding amazing videos in our mailbox. Congratulations to everyone who took part. You’ve all won a SEVY. That stands for Simple English Videos – Yay, you did it! This year’s challenge was to answer the question ‘What do you like doing?” And boy did we get some great answers. Let’s see the first one. Hi. My name is Jakub. I’m from Poland. What I love doing is wild life photography. I’ve been photographing wildlife since I was eight. I have recently taken up micro photography and underwater photography. Would you like to see some of my photographs? Yes. Here you go! Wow. Oh my goodness. That’s beautiful. I know. I also make videos. and I use English for the descriptions so your channel is very helpful. Your channel is great. Bye! Jakub, your photos were amazing. And you win the SEVY for the best wildlife photography. If people want to see more of your photographs, I’m going to put the link to your channel below. Go check it out. OK, what’s next? Hello, my name is Derya. Here’s Onur. He’s three years old. He’s my baby boy and I’m a full-time mother. I know I’m speaking so fast but I know I have a little short time. So I love spending time with my sweetie. Right now we are painting and I’m teaching him English as I can, now Onur is going to say you the colours. Onur, which colour is it? Blue. Good job! Which colour is it? Red. Yes. And this is me. I hope you like the video. Bye-bye. Oh wow. Derya, we loved the video. And Onur wins the prize for being the youngest, cutest English speaker. And you win the SEVY for being the best parent in a video. And the best English teacher too. Right. OK, let’s see what’s next. Hello Jay and Vicki and hello to those viewers who might watch in the future. And greetings from China. I’m Novem from China. I’m a college student majoring in building automation and I’m a senior this year. I would like to join this speaking challenge but it’s my first time to record such a video so I’m a little nervous, but I do like to answer that question. First I would say I absolutely like the channel of Simple English Videos because they really help me a lot with my English. And also I like playing basketball, swimming, mountain climbing and horse riding. But because of the corona virus these days in China, I can only stay at home, which is really boring. But as you can see behind me, the sky is really blue and the weather is really nice so I get a chance to take a walk in the park and record this video. I really appreciate this chance to join this competition, and thank you again Jay and Vicki, I just can’t thank you enough. OK. Bye-bye. Bye-bye. You are very welcome. And thank you for recording the video. Novem that was really interesting. Thank you for sending that. You said you were nervous but you came across… you hid your nerves and came across very confidently. And you win the SEVY for a great British accent and excellent pronunciation. Yeah. Next one. Hey, Vicki and Jay. Great to meet you again, although we meet quite often thanks to your videos. They’re just masterpieces. My name is Bozhena, not Bohdan, because in a previous video you called me Bohdan, but in Ukrainian it’s a male name. But I’m a girl! I’m thirteen years old and I take elective classes in English. Except English, my hobby is drawing. I like to draw sketches. Why do I like to do it? Wow! Because they are understandable and simple positive, like your videos. Our teacher said that we should learn to see simplicity as genius, and I try to achieve, at least, a small success. Bozhena, did I say that right? Is that correct? Bozhena? I have to tell you that you win the SEVY for drawing. That was spectacular. And also I want to give you a SEVY for improvement in… not confidence because your were confident last time we saw you, but your fluency was just amazing. Really, really good. Lovely to see you again and thank you for sharing those drawings. We loved them. Manga-style! OK, let’s see another one. Now, before you watch this one, it needs some explanation. Marina shot this at an International Women’s Day event in Russia, where she was invited to perform. And there’s some background music, and I’m hoping that the tool YouTube uses to spot music won’t wipe the music out so you can still hear her. But in case you can’t., I’ve put captions up. Hello Vicki and Jay. I’m an English teacher but besides that, I like dancing belly dancing. Bye. Oh she’s really good. Marina, you looked amazing. It was wonderful. You know which SEVY she wins. What’s that? The SEVY for belly dancing! Of course! We loved it. Thank you so much for sending it. Let’s see the next one. Hello everyone. I’m Vicki and I’m British. I’m Jay and I’m American. So I’ve heard that Jay finds some troubles believing that my accent is the best. True! Unfortunately I can’t argue with his because my accent prevents me from being hostile. It’s well known for its quietness and easiness actually. Yeah, it’s well understandable and slowly spoken as well, but… Wait, wait. Who said that? British accent isn’t at all (like that) but my accent is. And you can witness that by seeing programs and movies. You know, they prefer speaking in an American accent to Vicki’s accent. So I think my accent wins. No, no. You won’t win. You know we are not in a war of accents. Don’t be nervous, Jay. Oh, I’m not nervous. I’m just relaxing right now. You must admit that you love the way I speak… [An argument breaks out] [French voice] Before the video ends, I’d like to thank you so much Jay and Vicki for your interesting videos and it doesn’t matter actually what accent you speak, as long as the listener understands. This is the idea of the video. Good luck English learners and bye. Oh Abdo, that was absolutely amazing! He’s… he’s so funny. He has to win… He has to win the SEVY for the best parody. Oh, I would agree, but I thought his imitation of you was right on! And actually you made a really important point about accents. We both agree with you on that one. We loved it. Thank you for being so creative. Next one. Hi Vicki and Jay. My name is Quyhn. I’m fourteen years old. I’m from Viet Nam. What I love doing in my free time is watching English videos on YouTube. My favourite channels are Simple English Videos and English with Lucy. That’s all. Thanks for watching. Good-bye. She’s adorable. It was so mice to see you again, Quyhn. And we want to give you a pronunciation SEVY, because your pronunciation was so clear. Spectacular job! And you were so confident. Thank you very much for the video. Oh hello. Hello Mrs Vicki and Mr Jay. My name is Leven … and I am from Sakartvelo, also known as Georgia. My favourite thing to do is botany. And here am I in my greenhouse now. So I like to take care of my plants. So I’m going to show you something here – a mint family thing – that’s called lemon balm I’m growing here. Wow! So it is here and it looks pretty healthy, huh? Yes! Leven, that’s terrific. Those plants are much better than the ones Vicki grows on the deck. Hey! Leven, you win the SEVY for green fingers. If you have green fingers you can grow things very well. In America we don’t say green fingers. We say green thumb. Oh all right then. Green fingers. Green thumb. That’s your SEVY. WE loved seeing your plants. Thanks so much for sharing that. OK. Hello my name is Alice and I’m French. I love running, reading, writing, learning a lot of things, and greatest above all, watching simple English videos. Alice, that was so mice. It’s lovely to meet you. Thank you. Alice, you win the prize for bravery. It can take a lot of courage to make a video in another language and I know you were worried that you might sound ridiculous. You didn’t. You sounded great. It was very clear and easy to understand and thank you for doing that. Bravo! Hello Vicki, Hello Jay. I’m Christophe from Berlin Germany. I’m 19 years old and I love drinking tea. He’s got good taste. Oh I think he should try coffee. It’s so delicious. Of course I like watching your videos too. They are amazing. Have a nice day! Thank you Christophe. That tea did look good even though I prefer coffee. You win the SEVY for excellent English and taste. And for the best tea cup. Lovely to meet you. Thank you for sending that. Good morning Vicki. Good morning Jay. Thanks for this opportunity. I’m Vinicio Fuertes. I’m from Ecuador. I really like watching videos on YouTube – a lot of kinds of videos. For example games, music and songs. But these days I am practicing jogging, and I really like it. However, the most enjoyable thing for me is going for a walk with my dog, because when we are in the park we can play and we can have fun. So that’s it. Thank you so much. Bye. Goodbye Vinicio. You know what? I always liked walking with my dog too. I understand that. Vinicio, you win the SEVY for fluency. You just went for it and you were so fluent, it was really impressive. And we think you’re going to go far. Well done! Thanks for the video. Hello Vicki and Jay. I’m Pipino from Tblisi, Georgia. I am a dog, as you see. I am also the most beloved in my family and the most kind-hearted. Today I want to tell you what I love doing in my leisure time. I major in eating and devouring a lot of food. I love running and playing, especially with a ball or toys. My favourite hobby is stealing things such as books of jewellry from mommy. Sometimes I get punished, but by licking them, I get forgiven so easily. I love singing, but in dogs language. You can see here. Thank you. Simple English Videos Yay! Nina, that was amazing. Erm Pipino is adorable…. A star! And able to speak English, beautifully! I want to see that singing again. Hang on. Incredible. Nina, you should win a SEVY for creativity. Thank you very much. What a great laugh! Love it! OK. Hello. My name is Saad-Ali Khan and I am from Pakistan. I love to make drawing videos and I love Simple English Video’s channel. Saad-Ali. Nice to meet you and thank you for sending us the video. So he make drawing videos? Yes, they’re videos about maps and how to draw maps. Wow! Then he wins the map drawing SEVY. Yeah! I found them on his channel. I’ll put the link below. Thank you for sending us that video, Saad-Ali. Hi. I’m Roxana. I’m from Romania. You know, the country from where the Dracula phenomenon spread all over the world. Well today I’m going to share with you two things about me. The first thing is that I’m into arts and crafts. Like these adorable hearts that go so well for Mother’s Day. You can stick it to your T shirt. The second thing is that despite coming from Romania, the home of vampires, ghosts, zombies, you name it, we are nothing else but friendly adorable people, so don’t be afraid of us! Have a lovely day. Bye! Roxana, you have a wonderful sense of hu mor. Thank you for that. I want to meet Roxana. Roxana, we’re going to give you the SEVY for being entertaining. We loved it. And you’re not scary at all. Hello Vicki, hello Jay. My name is Dicky and I’m from Indonesia. So this is my second time joining the SEVY. I love learning languages, including Japanese and English. I learn English a lot from your videos. Thank you for your videos. They’re all very useful for me. Thank you. Bye! Dicky, thank you so much. It’s good to see you again. Thanks for submitting another video. And we think your English is getting even better so we want to give you the SEVY award for improvement this year. Well done. Hello. Speaking of my hobbies. I actually love learning languages, especially Chinese and English. And I fall in love… I’ve been falling in love with language learning for many years. And I always turn my bedroom into a learning library – a language learning library. You can take a look at my learning library, that supports who I am today. Now that’s Bank. Where’s Bank from? Bank’s from Thailand but he’s learning Chinese and English. You know Bank, that’s a really impressive set of books you’ve got in that library. I loved looking at them and I recognised some of the publishers. That was fun to see. Bank you earn the SEVY for the best independent language learner. Congratulations! Hi. I’m Wiktor and I am from Poland. I live in Lodz in the middle of the country. I like recoding and watching films on YouTube, especially Simple English Videos. I like scuba diving. I;m very good at this sport. And for the end, I play in a volley kicks team. I really love playing with my friends from school. Bye! OK, so Wiktor, I understand what scuba diving is, but what’s volley kicks? I looked… I googled it and it’s like football where you don’t let the ball touch the ground. You mean like soccer but you don’t let the ball touch the ground. You have to be very athletic to play it, ’cause you can’t just kick the ball along the ground. Wiktor, we’re going to have to give you the athletic SEVY because you’re clearly really athletic. Well done, we loved your video. Thanks a lot. Hello Miss Vicki and Mr Jay. Thanks for this nice challenge. This is Marcello from Chile and what I love doing is playing basketball. It’s an excellent exercise. I’m used to playing basketball alone, both for relaxing and for exercising a little bit. And finally I’m going to score a basket, for you guys. And before, I want to say that exercise bouncing the ball is really useful. It has… It has low impact. Perhaps if you suffer from stress of your knee or things like that, this exercise of bouncing a ball and scoring a basket is great. Let’s try. I’m going to jump. Wow! I enjoy it so much. OK, thank you very much guys. That’s some of the best dribbling I’ve ever seen. When you bounce the ball it’s called dribbling in basketball. Yeah, all right. Marcello, it was lovely to see you again, and thanks so much for that, and for the tip as well. Now Marcello, you get the SEVY for the best two pointer. What’s a two pointer? Well, when you score a basket, when you get the basketball through the net close to the basket, it’s worth two points. The best two-pointer. Thank you, Marcello. Hello. I’m Gala from Russia. I’m a typical woman and I like doing simple things such as knitting or cooking while listening to the radio. One day there was a quiz on the radio about Abba. The Abba. The group. And I happened to win a prize – a trip to Sweden. Yay! I hadn’t got a visa and I had to fly to Moscow to provide my biometric data. Ah yeah. And then I was waiting for a visa at home, and then they called me and said I need a code. And so I should go back to Moscow to provide my biometry again. Oh no! I should, but anyway, it would be too late to be on time for the trip. Ah! Unlucky me. Yes! A few days ago, I received a totally unexpected package with a T-shirt, a bag … Oh yeah. And a few other things. Oh terrific. And some other things with symbols of Abba. Yay! And that’s fine. Go Gala! Fine. I do like the group and I also like dancing to their music and singing along to their songs… along with their songs. Oh Gala! That was such a sad story. Our daughter-in-law is Russian too, and she has trouble getting visas as well so I really sympathize with that story. I’m so sorry you couldn’t go to Sweden. So what is the SEVY that we can give to Gala? Well, Gala it has to be the SEVY for the best story. We did enjoy it and it had a sort of happy ending. I did love all the gear you got. Thanks for sending us that. Welcome. This is Javier. Thank you for watching my presentation. Maps and geography are my passion. Like a geographer, I’m focusing now on helping people to discover the world walking through the geography. I’m an enthusiastic person when it comes to hiking. And that’s it. I love geography and see you soon. If you want to know more about my work, that is my hobby, you can visit my website walkexperience.org. Bye-bye. You know that was actually really very interesting. Thank you, Javier. What place did he mention? He mentioned a place in the Pyrenees, so between France and Spain. And he arranges walking experiences for people designed specially for them. I would enjoy that very much. Now what SEVY should we give Javier? It’s enthusiasm, isn’t it? It’s got to be enthusiasm. It shone right through Javier. Thanks for talking to us about that. Good evening Jay and Vicki. Good evening. My name is Michael. I’m speaking from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. So as requested by you, I’m recording this video from my work. I work in a hotel as a receptionist. I work in a small city whose name is Itacuruca. It’s a beautiful city located in the state of Rio de Janeiro. I love o study English. I love to speak in English. I love, too, watching some English movies. I’ve been learning English since I was twelve years old. I’m now 45 years old. I’m still learning English, and I’m learning from your videos. I’m learning from you and I can see the difference between British English and American English from your videos. Thanks for this opportunity you are giving me to record this video for your channel. So I’m sharing your channel with my friends who are learning English here in Brazil. And I love to listen to music, and I love watching movies, and I love to learn English. God bless you, Vicki. God bless you Jay. Thanks for teaching me the difference between British English and American English. God bless you. Thanks for this opportunity. This is my by little. God bless you. Thanks for this opportunity. Your friend from Brazil, Michael Alexandre. Thank you Michael. Now we’ve been to Rio de Janeiro, but have you been to that town? Yes. Oh really? Yeah, without you. Without me. Very interesting. Michael thanks so much for that and we’re really glad we can help you learn English. What SEVY should we give Michael? Michael is a long term persistent learner who’s going up and studying regularly. So you get the award for being a long term learner Michael, because you’re keeping at it. A little bit every day. It works. Thank you very much Michal for sending us that video. Good work! For some people this speaking challenge is extra difficult because for religious or for personal reasons, they can’t appear on camera. So some of our viewers have some up with amazing creative ways to send us a video. Let’s look. Hi, I’m Sarah. I’ve been watching your videos for a very long time and they’ve been helping me a lot. I would like to thank you for that. So to the question what I love doing. I love drawing and writing. Most of the time I come up with a story and then, after that, I start drawing the characters to it. Here are a few pictures. Wow, look at that! Amazing. Another artist. Well, my absolute favourite thing to do in my free time is learning new things about the English culture. I love England so much – everything about it really and I’m looking forward to going there for the very first time this year. I can’t wait. I’ve been learning about how much importance English people attach to politeness and the weather, not to mention. I’m just living for it. All the new types of tea I will get to learn about. All of the amazing people. So yeah, that was it I think. Thank you ever so much and have an amazing day. Thank you Sarah. Once again, as we mentioned last year, you have an accent that is so beautifully English. I would never guess that you’re not a native speaker. That’s so impressive. I think you’re going to have a wonderful time in England and we must say a special congratulations to Sarah because she passed her C1 exam this year. Yay! Go Sarah! Now my the way, that artistic work was also spectacular. Thanks for sharing that with us. Yes, you should have a SEVY for paintings as well. Thanks again Sarah. Hi Vicki. Hi Jay. I’m Farshid. I love doing my architecture projects. These are what I did last semester for my university. And this is what I do in my free time. And I also like drinking tea. Another tea drinker. And with Winnie the Poo on his cup! You know what was amazing Farshid was the perspective that you’re able to get into your designs. That’s really terrific. I thought your designs were really interesting. I did so enjoy those glimpses. And that’s what you must have the SEVY for this year, I think. Design. Thanks a lot Farshid for sending us that video. Hi! Dear Vicki and Jay, Super Agent, Steffi and everyone. I am Simone from Italy. C’est une chanson. Qui nous resemble. Italy, not France. Our lovely teachers honoured me by putting my presentation in last year’s video. É o pau, é a pedra, é o fim do caminho. There I didn’t film myself, because my face shows my frequent headaches. [Italian folk Song] OK, that’s an Italian folk song. Now Vicki and Jay asked what we like doing. Summertime, and the living is easy. Can you guess? Although my voice has lost its power I still can’t… not can’t sing. I wish you all a life full of music and joy and health, since 2020 will be remembered for the corona virus. Bye! Simone. I have to say that your voice hasn’t lost anything. When you were singing Gershwin, you really got to me. It was wonderful. And it reminded me of some of the images we’ve seen this week coming from Italy where everybody is on lock down, and of Italians on their balconies. Singing in solidarity as a community. It’s really amazing. And I have to say, Simone has been an important part of the Simple English Videos community for some years now and I personally want to thank you for all your efforts. And to give you the singing SEVY. And congratulations to everyone who took part in this challenge. We’ve been blown away by your videos. It’s been very motivating for us to meet you and learn more about you. Especially at this time when we’re on lock down and feeling very isolated. If you’ve enjoyed this video, please share it with a friend. And don’t forget to subscribe to our channel. And now go call your grandma orgrandad and see how they’re doing. See you soon everyone. Bye-bye. Bye.